My Visit My Collection Search Help
Language: Go
Text Version
Glossary
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | Z
B

Ba

Listen

The ba is one of the elements of the human personality in Ancient Egypt. It could be identified as the soul or spiritual element of an individual. It is characteristic of the deceased so the ka can recognize it and join the ba in the afterlife. The ba is depicted on tomb walls as a human-headed bird.

bab

Listen

Arabic for "gate" or "door" as in "Bab al-Futuh" or "Conquerors'Gate", for example.

baldachin

Listen

An ornamental structure fixed over a sacred object, such as an altar, or a canopy carried over an important person.

balfaq

Listen

Arabic word meaning "calamity".

barque

Listen

model boat used to carry statues of a deity or mummy at festival times

bas-relief

Listen

sculptural carvings that project slightly from the background

basalt

Listen

a dark, dense rock

basmala

Listen

an Islamic phrase meaning "In the Name of God" and is spoken at the beginning of all good things

benedictory

Listen

expressing a blessing or prayer

benu bird

Listen

the sacred bird of Heliopolis, similar to the phoenix

bimaristan

Listen

An Islamic sanatorium or hospital (during Middle Ages).

Bin

Listen

Arabic for "son of"

Bint

Listen

Arabic for "daughter of"

bittern

Listen

a medium-sized, tawny-brown heron with nocturnal habits and found in marshes

bitumen

Listen

a black, tarry substance that occurs as an abundant natural product in many places, such as on the shores of the Dead Sea and the Caspian Sea; used in cements, as in the construction of coffins

blazon

Listen

a political or military or administrative mark

Blue Crown

Listen

The Blue Crown is a flanged helmet, adorned with golden discs, with the uraeus and a vulture on the brow. From the Eighteenth Dynasty onwards, kings were often shown wearing the Blue Crown, which had become associated with royal ceremonies. The Blue Crown had evolved from a military headdress.

Bohairic

Listen

Coptic dialect that was spoken in the Nile delta and is considered the dialect of the Coptic Church

Book of the Dead

Listen

collection of funerary spells usually written on papyrus and placed with the deceased in the tomb in order to lead him throughout his journey in the underworld

brazier

Listen

A metal pan that holds burning coals for cooking.

brocade

Listen

A heavy fabric interwoven with a rich, raised design.

Bukhariat

Listen

Leaf-like ornamental motif has many examples in Islamic objects

bulwark

Listen

The part of a ship's side that is above the upper deck.

Byzantine Period

Listen

The Byzantine Period is the era of Egyptian history that is bracketed by the death of Emperor Constantine the Great in AD 337 and the Arabic Conquest in AD 641. The name Byzantine comes from Byzantium, which was the ancient city on the site of Constantine's new capital, Constantinople (modern Istanbul).

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U | V | Z
About Eternal Egypt Eternal Egypt Screensaver Terms of Use Contact Us
© Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.