The ba is one of the elements of the human personality in Ancient Egypt. It could be identified as the soul or spiritual element of an individual. It is characteristic of the deceased so the ka can recognize it and join the ba in the afterlife. The ba is depicted on tomb walls as a human-headed bird.
Arabic for "gate" or "door" as in "Bab al-Futuh" or "Conquerors'Gate", for example.
An ornamental structure fixed over a sacred object, such as an altar, or a canopy carried over an important person.
Arabic word meaning "calamity".
model boat used to carry statues of a deity or mummy at festival times
sculptural carvings that project slightly from the background
a dark, dense rock
an Islamic phrase meaning "In the Name of God" and is spoken at the beginning of all good things
expressing a blessing or prayer
the sacred bird of Heliopolis, similar to the phoenix
An Islamic sanatorium or hospital (during Middle Ages).
Arabic for "son of"
Arabic for "daughter of"
a medium-sized, tawny-brown heron with nocturnal habits and found in marshes
a black, tarry substance that occurs as an abundant natural product in many places, such as on the shores of the Dead Sea and the Caspian Sea; used in cements, as in the construction of coffins
a political or military or administrative mark
The Blue Crown is a flanged helmet, adorned with golden discs, with the uraeus and a vulture on the brow. From the Eighteenth Dynasty onwards, kings were often shown wearing the Blue Crown, which had become associated with royal ceremonies. The Blue Crown had evolved from a military headdress.
Coptic dialect that was spoken in the Nile delta and is considered the dialect of the Coptic Church
Book of the Dead
collection of funerary spells usually written on papyrus and placed with the deceased in the tomb in order to lead him throughout his journey in the underworld
A metal pan that holds burning coals for cooking.
A heavy fabric interwoven with a rich, raised design.
Leaf-like ornamental motif has many examples in Islamic objects
The part of a ship's side that is above the upper deck.
The Byzantine Period is the era of Egyptian history that is bracketed by the death of Emperor Constantine the Great in AD 337 and the Arabic Conquest in AD 641. The name Byzantine comes from Byzantium, which was the ancient city on the site of Constantine's new capital, Constantinople (modern Istanbul).