a colorful substance used to mold or decorate small figures or amulets
a blind door set into a tomb to allow the Ka of the deceased to come and go to enjoy the offering and hear the prayers of the living
Arabic for "deliverance".
Islamic Shi'ite dynasty that ruled Egypt AD 969-1171
A thin strip of ribbon often worn as a headband.
Decorated with floral designs.
currency from medieval Florence
Shaped like a leaf.
A courtyard in front of a building.
An established form of words or symbols for use in a ceremony.
"Franks" was a term that Muslims used to designate the Crusaders or Western European Christians with whom they fought for control of the Holy Land in the Middle Ages. Most of the original Crusaders were French or Frankish.
ornamented openwork or carving consisting largely of intersecting lines
a band of images or ornaments usually on a wall
A funduq is a large building constructed around a courtyard with storerooms on the ground floor and above them the equivalent of a hotel. Funduqs are also called khans or caravansaries.