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P

pagan

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A pagan is a person who is not a Christian, Muslim, or Jew. A pagan may be a worshiper of a polytheistic religion or may profess no religion.

palette

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small slab of stone used for grinding cosmetics in pre-dynastic Egyptian times; later, large ceremonial palettes bearing carved reliefs commemorated important events.

palmetto

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stylized palm leaf used as a decorative element

palmiform

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in the form of a palm leaf

parchment

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the skin of a sheep or goat prepared as a material on which to write

Pascha

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Passover; feast of Easter

pasha

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Turkish military or civil title of high rank

patera

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ancient Roman containers in the form of a shallow bowl without handles, often with a base whose center is pushed up into the body; used for offering libations at religious ceremonies or for drinking

Patrashil

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The Patrashil is a stole, or vest, that is worn by the priests of the Coptic Church. It is made of white linen and is decorated with religious drawings on the chest.

Patriarch

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The Patriarch is the Bishop of Alexandria. The Patriarch has authority over the other bishops of the Coptic Orthodox Church.

pectoral

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large piece of jewelry, usually in the form of a trapezoid, worn on the chest

pediment

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triangular unit surmounting the facade of a building, used as decoration in Greek architecture

pendant

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an ornament or piece of jewelry attached to a necklace or bracelet

Persea tree

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magical tree on which the gods wrote the name of the kings at coronation and jubilee festivals to assure them that their names and their lives would last forever

Peshent

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also known as the Double Crown, representing the whole country (Upper and Lower Egypt), and worn by royalty

pikstyr

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Coptic word meaning the spoon used in the Sacrament of the Eucharist

plumes

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large feathers, usually worn on a crown or headdress

polychrome

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having many colors

porphyry

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rock of feldspar crystals embedded in a compact dark red or purple groundmass

portico

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an entrance of a building with columns topped by a ceiling

praenomen

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first or given name

Praxis

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portion of the Acts of the Apostles

Ptolemaic

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The Ptolemaic Dynasty ruled Egypt from 323 BC to 30 BC. It was a Macedonian or Greek dynasty in origin.

pylon

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massive facade of a temple consisting of two towers that are joined by a gate; pylons are the largest part of the temple and were mostly built last.

pyramidion

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A small pyramid placed on the top of a pyramid, an obelisk, or a tomb

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