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S

sabil

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public drinking fountain or dispensary for free distribution of water

sacerdotal

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of, or relating to, the priesthood

Sahidic

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Coptic dialect that was spoken in Upper Egypt from the fourth century BC and was looked upon as Classic Coptic

Satyr

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a woodland creature in Greek mythology who is depicted as having the pointed ears, legs, and short horns of a goat and a fondness for unrestrained revelry

schist

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any of various medium-grained to coarse-grained metamorphic rocks composed of laminated, often flaky parallel layers of chiefly micaceous minerals

scribe

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someone who could read and write; a highly respected title in ancient Egyptian times

Sem

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The Sem priest in Ancient Egypt was usually depicted wearing the leopard skin. The Sem priest's functions are usually associated with the Opening of the Mouth rituals in the mortuary cult.

sema-tawy

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The sema-tawy is an ancient symbol of the union of the Two Lands, Upper and Lower Egypt. It is composed of the heraldic plants of the Two Lands. Lilies, for the south (Upper), and papyrus, for the north (Lower), are knotted around the hieroglyphic sign for 'union'.

Serapeum

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This term was applied to two places. The first is at Saqqara; and it refers to the underground galleries which contained the burial chambers of the Apis bulls. The second place is at Alexandria where there has been a temple from Greco-Roman times dedicated to the cult of the god Serapis or the Apis Bull in those times.

serekh

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a form of decoration found on the facades of royal palaces

shawabti

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statuettes modeled from the different available materials in Egypt representing the deceased either in the mummiform or in the daily life dress and that bear the text of Chapter 6 of the Book of the Dead to act as a counterpart of the dead person to do the labor work in the afterlife. They used to be placed in the tomb in large number, one for every day of the year.

Shen

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oval shaped figure or sign, symbolic of all that the sun encircles throughout the daytime; also, sign of eternity

shendyt

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pleated kilt worn by royalty

situla

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bucket-shaped vessel that imitates a particular basket shape that the Greeks called a kalathos

skyphos

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ancient Greek drinking cup, usually with winged-handles

sledge

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a strong heavy sled on runners, usually drawn by work animals, and used for transporting loads

spandrels

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the space between two arches and a horizontal molding above them

spinning disk

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a small spinning top found in tombs; a stick is inserted in the hole through the center of the disk and when the disk is turned, wonderful designs are seen.

standard

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object carried at the top of a pole and used as an emblem or to mark a rallying point in battle

stela

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slab of stone or wood, with figures and text, carvings, or paintings, which was used in numerous ways such as a funerary monument

stephane

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high, triangular-shaped headpiece

sticharion

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"White robe" in the ancient Egyptian language known as Coptic

sunk relief

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carvings in which the figures are outlined with heavy cut lines but the bodies are carved like a bas-relief

sycamore

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a fig tree, mentioned in the Bible, having clusters of figs borne on short leafless twigs

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